WHY BIKE PARKING?
At its most basic level, bike parking encourages people to cycle. If a person chooses to ride a bike and at their destination they find the bike parking is unavailable or inconvenient, they may choose another option, like driving alone.
In order for cycling to compete with other modes of transportation, it must be convenient and efficient to ride and to park your bike.
Bike racks provide additional parking capacity for customers to visit local businesses. Bicycle parking not only invites cyclists in, but shows the business values sustainability, which is an increasingly important factor in the decisions of consumers.
Good bike parking benefits the disabled. By providing adequate, well-planned bike parking, business owners or property managers can ensure that hand rails and ramps intended for accessibility purposes are not clogged with bicycles looking for a bike parking spot.
Pedestrians also benefit when orderly and aesthetic bike parking is provided. Not only does it improve the appearance of the area, it ensures that sidewalks and benches intended for pedestrians are not cluttered by bikes that do not have a designated parking space. In this way, bike parking can also prevent damage to other street furniture like garbage cans, posts, benches and trees.
Across North America the trend towards complete streets will continue to promote cycling and create a need for more cycling infrastructure at ‘end of trip’ locations.
Theoretical vs Actual Bike Parking
When planning any type of bike facility, whether it be a single rack or a significant standalone facility, it is critical that providing quality bike parking be considered with the same level of care that is given to providing for car parking or for the pedestrian realm.
When decision makers don’t know what constitutes a quality bike parking solution, the outcome can be poor. Bicycle parking can often become an afterthought, just a line item on a budget and a bunch of cheap racks thrown down by the front door. The result is that the quality of the bike parking solution is not impressive or does not match the caliber of the surrounding environment.
Partly this stems from a difference between the theoretical specifications of a solution and the actual reality of the rack given the space considerations and constraints that are being accommodated. Also note the difference between the theoretical listed storage, provided by the manufacturer, and the actual bike parking provided depending on your unique situation. It’s important to ensure that it is physically possible to park the number of desired bikes given your space constraints and the rack that you choose.
Keep in mind that parking does not just involve a single bicycle at rest but also needs to take into account the space required by a bike and rider while maneuvering to the rack, locking, and unloading. Consider that when planning a car parking lot, the dimensions do not only include the stalls, but also space to (usually) comfortably open doors, move in and out of the parking spot, and maneuver around other users who are trying to park.
It can be easy to forget the amount of space that parked bicycles occupy when the space is empty and the parking is still only an idea. As you read further about bicycle parking best practices keep your space in mind so that you do not just provide a theoretical number of spaces but also create high quality, functional, safe, and secure facilities.
Short term vs Long term
Bike parking solutions can be thought of in different ways depending on the length of time it is expected that users will park for, and level of security that you want to provide. Often both short term and long term facilities are required in order to accommodate different types of trips.
Short-term bicycle parking is designed to be used for a few minutes up to a couple of hours. As a result, short-term parking should be easily accessible, racks should provide a secure point for locking up and it is best if racks are covered for weather protection.
Long-term bicycle parking is intended for use over several hours or overnight. As a result, this parking must be designed to protect bicycles parked for longer periods of time.
|Short Term||Long Term|
|also referred to as “Type 2” or “Class 2” “or Class B” bicycle parking||also referred to as “Type 1” or “Class 1” or “Class A” bicycle parking|
|includes bike racks in easily accessible locations that are available for public use||includes bike racks in enclosed secured areas with limited access, like cages, bike rooms|
|can be sheltered or unsheltered also includes secure individual enclosures like bike locker||does not provide additional protection from vandalism or theft|
Bicycles are among the easiest vehicles to park because they are small in size and simple in design. Bicycle parking is significantly more efficient than parking for motorized vehicles.
One car parking space can provide from 5-10 bicycle parking spaces.
- A standard bike is 6’ long with handle bars 2’ wide and approximately 4’ tall
- Envision the bicycle as a box that you need to move within the given space
- Increasingly there are modern city and commuter bikes which tend to have wider handlebars and e-bikes which tend to be longer than standard bicycles
- There are also many other non-standard bicycles like beach cruisers, recumbent bicycles, and cargo bikes which should be considered based upon your specific demographic
1 Toronto, 2008